Leaving aside the books intended for the teaching of the deaf, which are mentioned elsewhere (See 5 December), Saint Gabriel Textbooks published in France include about 15 titles in the 19th century and about 20 from 1913 to 1932. They were published with the initials S.G. and sometimes the initials of their authors. Let us mention first the well-known Methode d’ecriture Saint-Gabriel, composed at Chatellerault in 1845 by Br. Fran ois Regis. It was used by many Congregations and enabled a large number of men and women religious to obtain their teaching certificate. It consists of five (ypes of handwriting: slanted, roundhand, slanting roundhand, cursive, and gothic. The five 20-page booklets were bound in fine red leather and presented to His Highness the Imperial Prince Napoleon. The method was updated in 1899 and was in use until the eve of the Second World War.

Apart from handwriting the subjects of Saint Gabriel Textbooks are varied:

– Arithmetics: 9 textbooks, the first of which goes back to Br. Augustin in 1846, and the most widely used was by Br. Jeremie, an Assistant General;

– Grammar: 7 textbooks, including the best-known one by Br. Abel;

– Spelling: 2 textbooks, including one by Br. Abel;

– Reading: six textbooks, including the method using twelve flip-charts devised by Br. Theotime, which were in use until1939;

– History of France: 5 textbooks intended for five different levels;

– Bible history: 3 textbooks including two by Br. Abel and written at the request, and with the help of Br. Eugene-Marie

-The life of Jesus Christ (1 textbook).

To these we must add three special books published in 1900:

Manuel du jeune Franr;ais: morale civique, droit usuel, renseignements administratifs;

Memento de gymnastique a !’usage des candidats du brevet elementaire;

Guide pratique pour la composition et [‘installation des musee scolaires.

The Brothers working in Africa and Canada also published educational books for their pupils (See 13 April and 15 July). Other Brothers wrote books intended for university students: Br. Roger Texier (France): Introduction a une philosophie de l’homme (1985); Br. P.J. Abraham (India): Tableaux de la plenitude humaine (1995); Br. Michel Taille (France): Histoire de la langue anglaise (1996), etc.