Important Dates In The History Of The Congregation: 1705 - 2016

1705

Vocation of Brother Mathurin Rangeard, catechist, singer, animator, schoolmaster.

1715

First Profession of 4 of the Brothers of the Holy Spirit: Louis, Philippe, Nicolas and Gabriel. Brothers, followers of Montfort, are called by him to run charitable schools at La Rochelle.

1716

27 April 1716: Before his death, Montfort foresees that one section of the «Brothers of the Holy Spirit» devotes itself to the «charitable schools».

1717

Brother Jacques looks after the charitable school at Saint-Laurent, from 1717 to 1720, at Nantes, from 1724 to 1727. Brother Joseau succeeds him at Saint-Laurent, from 1722 to 1759.

1721

Saint-Laurent: purchase of the house “Chêne-Vert” to accommodate the Brothers of the Holy Spirit who take care of the charitable school and to look after the poor.

1794

5 Brothers of the Holy Spirit are massacred by the revolutionary troops.

1821

Fr Deshayes, Superior General of the Montfortian Congregations, gives to the small group of the Brothers of the Holy Spirit an extraordinary impetus, especially for the teachers.

1823

The Congregation of the Brothers of the Christian Instruction of the Holy Spirit is officially recognized in 5 Departments in the West of France. Fr Deshayes gives them a Rule.

1824

On September 22, 42 Brothers make their Religious Profession. Brother Athanase is sent to the Chartreuse of Auray to initiate the education of the deaf, and then to take care of the group of boys. Fr Deshayes later founded several schools for the deaf, boys and girls.

1825

Father Deshayes named Brother Augustin (Jean Éveno), Director of the group of the Brothers, and Brother Siméon (François Brevet), Deputy Director and Master of Novices.

1835

On October 15, 33 Brothers and Novices of the Holy Spirit moved out to Maison Supiot. From then on it was called “St.Gabriel”.

1838

Foundation of Saint-Gabriel Boarding School at Saint-Laurent-sur-Sèvre.

1838

The new Rule of the Brothers of the Christian Instruction is approved by the Bishop of Luçon, stating that from now on the Brothers will have a Superior General, chosen from among them and by them.

1841

Death of Fr Deshayes, who performed a tremendous work: in 1841, there are 26 Fathers and 42 Brothers (+ 8 Novices) attached to Holy Spirit House; 99 Brothers and 36 Novices attached to Saint Gabriel House; 1593 Daughters of Wisdom and 95 Novices.

1842

The group of the Brothers of the Christian Instruction of Saint Gabriel becomes an independent Congregation.

1853

The Congregation is officially recognized throughout France, under the name of « Congregation of the Brothers of the Christian Instruction of Saint Gabriel. » 

1854

At Loudun, first congress of the Brothers involved in the teaching of the deaf.

1857

1st General Chapter of the Congregation, with the Chapter delegates chosen by the Brothers.

1860

1st Provincial in the history of the Congregation: Brother Louis de Gonzague, Provincial of South from 1860 to 1890.

1862

Creation of a unique feature in the Congregation: that of Brother Visitor for the Houses of the Deaf. Brother Hubert held that function from 1862 to 1883. The function will continue till 1905.

1864

The Circular of Rev. Bro. Eugene Marie on « The Need for Studies ». One of the key priorities of the Superior is the professional and pedagogical formation of the Brothers, their preparation for the official exams.

1888

Beatification of the Father de Montfort at Rome by Pope Leo XIII.

September 25: arrival of six Brothers in Canada. (The first establishment outside of France.)

1900

Arrival of the Brothers in Belgium, Gabon, and Djibouti.

1901

Arrival of the Brothers in Thailand (1st establishment in Asia).

1903

In France, persecution against the Church and the Congregations: nationalization of the schools, secularization.

Arrival of the Brothers in Switzerland, in England, in Italy, in Spain, in Netherland, in India, and in Madagascar. Installation of the Central Administration in Belgium.

1910

February 19: Decree of Approbation of the Institute by the Holy See, and approval of the Constitutions « ad experimentum ».

1923

Official Approval of the Constitutions by the Holy See.

1936

Spanish Civil War: between July and November, 49 Brothers and their Chaplain are massacred. The process of the beatification of these martyrs will begin in 2001.

1947

July 20: canonization of St Louis-Marie de Montfort, in Rome, by Pope Pius XII.

1962

Installation of the General House in Rome.

1964

Year of the largest number of Brothers: 1785 Brothers and 109 Novices, therefore close to 1900 members

1964

Election of Brother Romain Landry, Canadian: 1st Superior General who is not French.

1965

May 30: massacre of 7 Brothers (6 Belgians and 1 Dutch) at Buta, RD Congo.

1969

1st Session of 24th Special General Chapter for the revision of the Rule of Life and Constitutions: decision to create Provincial Chapters and introduction to priesthood for the needs of the Congregation.

1972

1st Council of the Institute in Rome, regrouping the Central Administration, the Provincials and the District Superiors.

1986

April 28: Final Approval of the Rule of Life and the Constitutions by the Holy See.

1992

October: Division of the Province of South India into two Regions: Trichy and Yercaud

1993

May 16: Beatification of Marie-Louise Trichet, in Rome, by Pope John Paul II

1996

July 20: Entering of the Feast of Saint Louis Marie in the Roman Universal Calendar.

September 19: Pilgrimage of Pope John Paul II to the tomb of St. Louis-Marie, at Saint-Laurent-sur-Sèvre.

1997

June 29: Message of Pope John Paul II to the Montfortian Family on the 50th anniversary of Montfort’s Canonization.

September 27-29: Historical meeting of the 3 Councils of the Institute of the 3 Congregations at the Generalate of the Brothers of St. Gabriel in Rome.

On 29: Celebration of the Unity of the Montfortian Family.

1998

1st Session of IMI (International Montfortian Institute)

28 April: Creation of three Provinces in India: North-East, Trichy and Yercaud

Arrival of the Brothers in Poland, Philippines and in the State of Sabah (Malaysia).

2000

July 6: Bus accident in Spain. 27 students and teachers from our schools of Ripollet and Viladecans in Spain, were killed and 30 were injured.

July 17-19: 1st International Encounter in St Laurent-sur-Sèvre (RISL) (France) 

October 11-13: Montfortian Symposium in Rome

October: Centenary of the arrival of the Brothers in Gabon

2001

The General Council authorises the Province of Spain to begin the process of the beatification of the 49 presumed martyrs Brothers of Spain and their Chaplain.

October 20: Celebration of the centenary of the arrival of the Brothers in Thailand

November 17: Creation of the «Gabrielite Secretariat for Justice and Peace» (GSJP)

2002

September: Celebration of the Centenary of the arrival of the Brothers in India

2003

September 27: Celebration of the Centenary of the arrival of the Brothers in Spain

September 29: inauguration of the Community House in Czestochowa (Poland)

October 05: Celebration of the Centenary of the arrival of the Brothers in Italy

October 12: Celebration of the 75th anniversary of the arrival of the Brothers in Gabon

December 06: Celebration of the Centenary of the arrival of the Brothers in Madagascar

December 8: Letter of Pope John Paul II to the Superiors General of the Montfortian Family, on the occasion of the 160th anniversary of the « discovery » of the Treatise of the True Devotion.

2004

September: Setting up of the International Finance Commission

2006

April 28: Regrouping of the Provinces of France, Belgium and Italy and attachment of Poland

2007

December 4: The official opening of the documentation on the 50 presumed martyrs Brothers of Spain, sent by the Archdiocese of Barcelona, by the Congregation for the causes of Saints, in Vatican.

March 25: Setting up of 2 new Provinces: Pune and Hyderabad (in charge of the Sector of Tanzania) by the division of the Province of “Central India”

July 20: 60th Anniversary of Montfort’s Canonisation

August 17: Foundation in Burkina-Faso, at Dedougou, by the Brothers of the Provinces of Senegal, Kinshasa and Brazzaville.

July 01: Setting up of 2 new Provinces: Kinshasa and Brazzaville. The Sector of Rwanda – Burundi is in link with the Central Administration.

December 20: Celebration of the 50th Anniversary of the arrival of the Brothers in Congo Brazzaville

2008

April 26: Celebration of the 25th Anniversary of the arrival of the Brothers in Senegal

May 30: Celebration of the 60th Anniversary of Montfort’s Canonisation

July 14-19: International JPIC Encounter – Bangalore (India)

July 20: Celebration of the 50th Anniversary of the arrival of the Brothers in the Republic of Central Africa

July 21-26: International Encounter of Partnership – Bangalore (India)

September 15-26: Cap-de-la-Madeleine (Canada): 14th Council of the Institute.

December 13: Celebration of the 25th Anniversary of the District of East Africa

2009

January 20: Celebration of the 60th anniversary of the arrival of the Brothers in Brazil

February 15 – August 13: 3rd International Session of IMI: 5 DW, 10 SMM and 10 FSG (Generalate of the FSG Rome and France)

February 15 – June 30: Generalate: 3rd International IMI programme with 5 DW, 10 SMM et 10 BSG.

March 25: Release of the Document “Partnership General Guidelines” to implement the new forms of relationship between the Laity and the Brothers of St. Gabriel.

2010

February 19: Centenary of the Decree of Approbation of the Institute by the Holy See.

October: Release of the Document: « Montfortian Education Charter – Montfortian Education in the 21st Century”

September 12: Celebration of the 3rd Centenary of the Calvary at Pontchâteau

October 04-15: Hyderabad (India): 15th Council of the Institute.

December 07: Inauguration of the Novitiate in Mikese (Tanzania)

2011

August 22: Foundation in Kenya (Nairobi)

November 06: Celebration of the 75th Anniversary of the Martyrdom of our Spanish Brothers

December 28: Inauguration of the Website of the Congregation

2012

January 01: Transfer of the Mission in Burkina Faso to the Province of Senegal

Celebration of the 3rd Centenary of Treatise of the True Devotion

2014

February 3-4: Inauguration of Montfort Social Institute (MSI) and of the Provincial House in Hyderabad

July 01: Inauguration of the Secretariat for Justice and Peace at Dakar (Senegal)

July 4: Starting the mission in Myanmar (Yangon)

August 30: Inauguration of the Secretariat for Education in Bangalore (India)

2015

May 23: Day of the Brothers at St Laurent-sur-Sèvre (France)

May 24: Opening of the year of the Tercentenary of Montfort’s death

2016

June 02-03: Symposium on Montfort at Angers (France)

September 11: Closing celebration of the Tercentenary year at Pontchâteau